As a diabetic there is always the danger to get diabetic foot syndrome. This is a sequelae of diabetes mellitus.
If you have a diabetic foot, you are dealing with nerve damage or circulatory disorders that cause you to suffer from a diminished or completely absent sensation of pain.
At first glance, you might think that it is cool to feel no pain, but at the same time it brings with it the danger that you do not notice injuries and infections. This in turn can lead to bad effects.
These are often chronic wounds that are triggered because wounds heal only badly. The trigger is usually a long-term elevated blood sugar levels, which causes the blood vessels and the nerve tracts are damaged.
Types of diabetic foot: diabetic neuropathic foot
Diabetes favors the development of a diabetic foot. Two types of diabetic foot syndrome can be distinguished. One is the diabetic neuropathic foot we are treating at this point and the other is the diabetic ischemic foot.
In diabetic neuropathy, the nerves are damaged by a long-term increased blood sugar. This leads directly to nerve damage associated with the fact that one perceives no or only a slight sensation of pain on the feet.
Without daily care it can easily happen that the foot gets infected with bacteria. Or, on the other hand, foot pain caused by too tight shoes will not be noticed.
This, in turn, easily leads to the development of injuries that can even progress to chronic wounds.
Types of diabetic foot: diabetic ischemic foot
On the other side is the diabetic ischemic foot. This manifests itself in the fact that the blood vessels are damaged. The result is that the circulation of the foot is impaired.
This impairment is also referred to as circulatory disorder or as peripheral arterial disease. The sugar in the blood causes damage to the inner wall of the blood vessels.
As a result, the tissue is insufficiently perfused, which in turn leads to the fact that the wound healing is disturbed. For this reason, actually harmless injuries can become chronic and in exceptional cases (in the absence of care) even lead to the amputation of the affected foot.
Diabetic foot syndrome suffers from:
It can therefore be said that one suffers from a diabetic foot, when the nerves or blood vessels are damaged and one suffers from circulatory and sensory disturbances. Signs of diabetic foot syndrome is a footfeeling that is expressed by itching, tingling, and ants running.
In addition, falling feet and aching legs on longer walking distances (intermittent claudication) are often seen as an indication of the diabetic foot. Immediately associated with this is often a weakened immune system. The diabetic foot is quite pronounced in diabetics.
For example, between 15% and 25% of diabetics also suffer from the diabetic foot. The stages of the diabetic foot range from simple athlete’s foot infections to massive ulcers.
Treatment and prevention
Too late detection of the diabetic foot can lead to an amputation. To prevent this case, it is important to take certain measures. First and foremost, it is very important to monitor the blood glucose level, ie the long-term blood glucose level (HbA1c).
As a diabetic one should quit smoking because smoking significantly damages the blood vessels. Through special therapies, one can try to lower high blood pressure.
A suitable therapy is best found when you talk to your doctor about it. In addition, there are so-called preventive examinations and training for diabetics who teach you exactly what to do and what to do next.
Products that help with the treatment
Diabetic socks are particularly suitable for the treatment of diabetic foot syndrome. They greatly facilitate everyday life and help to prevent an exacerbation of the diabetic foot syndrome.
In contrast to normal socks, they differ in that they have no incisive elastic waistband and the toe seam is handcorded. As a result, on the one hand the blood can circulate freely and on the other hand injuries to the toes are prevented by a toe digging at the suture.
Learn more about diabetic socks
As a sufferer of the diabetic foot, one can resort to diabetic socks as well as diabetic shoes. The so-called dialine lining provides a pleasant interior climate of the diabetic shoes and also ensures that moisture is absorbed, which in turn causes the shoe to dry quickly.
In addition, the Diabikerschuh know some other interesting properties. So it is designed to find the deposits that were made especially for diabetics also in this place. This is because the sole has a high dip edge.
The rear caps of the shoe are soft padded and processed without pressing inner seams. This directly prevents the development of ulcers.
A daily inspection as well as the use of mild, neutral and moisturizing soaps causes the foot to breathe, so to speak, and it is no longer permanently dry and cracked.
It is best to combine the creaming of the feet with a light foot massage at the same time. Before creaming you should take a foot bath. But important: If you suffer from skin injuries, it is better to do without this until the injury is cured.
When nail care, it is important to grab nail files. With these it is advisable to round off the corners. On nail scissors, however, you should do without, as you can easily hurt with these.