We know that diabetes triggers certain symptoms.
These include, among others, such as a constant thirst, hunger and fatigue.
If left untreated, this will eventually trigger sequelae that can be very dangerous for you.
Therefore, it is all the more important to know early on the symptoms and the treatment options.
This is especially important if there is already insulin resistance or prediabetes.
A certain basic knowledge about the symptoms of diabetes, insulin resistance and prediabetes can save you a lot of suffering later on.
In order to clarify your open questions I have created this post.
I would like to show you here which symptoms are there, how they differ between the diabetic types and what reasons there are that can make you suffer from diabetes.
Finally, let me show you how you can spare many of these conditions by keeping your blood sugar low.
For this I have set up an 11-step list for you.
- Constant thirst, hunger, tiredness and slow healing of injuries are signs of diabetes.
- Lack of treatment can lead to complications such as: diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, gastroparesis, and other conditions.
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This can not be prevented.
- For type 2, the situation is different. Here are the factors known to lead first to insulin resistance, prediabetes and subsequently to type 2 diabetes.
- There is 90-95% diabetes type 2 disease.
- It is very important that you do everything to lower your blood sugar levels.
Why do I have to be careful if I get the following symptoms?
Symptoms such as constant thirst and hunger, a long-lasting feeling of tiredness and the slow healing of injuries are sometimes the first signs that you are probably suffering from high blood sugar levels or even type 2 diabetes.
If you want to prevent your developing insulin resistance and, as a result, type 2 diabetes, treat these symptoms early.
Failure to do so can lead to more serious complications in the long term, and in addition to complications.
Before I tell you what symptoms can lead to diabetes, let me first point out a condition called prediabetes.
If you have pre-diabetes, you have an above-average blood sugar level. The problem with this is that it is difficult to notice the symptoms.
In combination with insulin resistance, the prediabetes is very symptom-poor.
Therefore, it is often the case that it is too late to realize that you are suffering from prediabetes and insulin resistance.
Important for you is the following information. If left untreated, prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
Before we turn to the question of why diabetes is dangerous, we first have to clarify why it usually comes to type 2 diabetes and not to type 1.
In short, in diabetes we assume two situations.
In type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to process insulin at all.
However, the hormone insulin is very important.
It is responsible in our body for the fact that this can reduce the ingested blood sugar after eating.
In type 1 diabetics, this process no longer works properly d. H. either no or only very little insulin is processed.
For this reason, you are also forced to inject insulin several times a day.
Thus, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which your own immune system attacks the body’s insulin production.
Now we come to the second possible situation and to the one that comes in 95% of the cases.
I’m talking about type 2 diabetes here.
Here, the body does not process insulin as well as it did before the illness.
The body just needs longer to process the absorbed insulin.
In the long run, this causes the blood sugar to build up, because insulin can no longer process the absorbed energy fast enough.
And this lack of ability to break down the blood sugar fast enough is the real threat of type 2 diabetes.
If you suffer from increased blood sugar levels permanently, this leads to the development of secondary diseases.
These include diseases such as a heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, retinal damage and erectile dysfunction.
A combination of these can even lead to the so-called metabolic syndrome.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
|Frequent urination||Strong thirst|
|Persistent hunger||Blurred vision|
|Slow healing of injuries||Tingling, numbness and pain in hands and feet|
|Dark skin spots||itching and fungal infections|
Thus, the symptoms differ in type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Now we know that diabetes causes certain symptoms as a result of prediabetes and insulin resistance.
What we do not yet know is how the symptoms differ between type 1 and type 2 symptoms.
Since 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes illnesses lead to Type 2, we start with this.
In the past, type 2 diabetes was also referred to as adult-onset diabetes, as it often occurs after the age of 45.
Before I get to the symptoms and explain them in more detail, I once again devote myself to an explanation of what is not working so well in Type 2.
Here the body is no longer able to process the insulin properly.
This in turn leads to an increase in blood sugar levels.
The sugar in the blood can not be broken down fast enough due to insulin resistance.
This leads to an accumulating blood sugar, which develops certain symptoms after a certain time.
I will now describe the symptoms individually.
First, I start with the constant thirst and the increasingly frequent toilets visits.
If too much sugar has accumulated in the blood due to the high blood sugar level, it will drain the body of fluid.
As a result, there is a thirst and the need to frequent the toilet.
In addition, there is also the need to eat something more often.
This is because the cells no longer have access to the sugar in order to gain energy from it.
As a chain reaction, this means that the muscles and organs are no longer adequately supplied.
And finally it comes to the need to eat more.
Because the body no longer has enough insulin as an energy store, it also leads to a weight loss.
Instead, the body now goes to its reserves and begins to attack the fat reserves and also the muscle tissue.
This then results in a weight loss.
The high blood sugar also leads to the liquid being withdrawn from the eye lenses.
This results in swelling and the fact that those affected often see blurred.
Another symptom is that infections and wounds heal more slowly.
This is due to the poor circulation.
In addition to these symptoms, seniors may also experience flu-like tiredness, urinary tract infections, numbness, tingling and dental problems.
Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 is an autoimmune disease.
Here the body produces no or only little insulin.
Accordingly, insulin can no longer perform its task and absorb the sugar from the blood.
If insulin is not injected, there is a very strong increase in blood sugar levels.
For this reason, insulin often needs to be injected several times a day.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you should regularly record and control your blood sugar levels.
Due to the fact that type 1 is an autoimmune disease, which is much rarer than type 2, only “5%” of diabetics suffer from type 1.
Similar to type 2 diabetes, similar symptoms also occur here.
These are also an increased hunger and thirst, frequent urination and blurred vision or blurred vision as well as fatigue or fatigue and weight loss.
The difference to Type 2, however, is that these disorders usually occur for no apparent reason.
For those affected, it is also important to know that there is the so-called honeymoon phase.
At this stage, the body still produces some insulin.
This results in the person needing less insulin during this time in order to maintain a healthy blood sugar level.
But to believe that this condition persists is a fallacy, but one regrets it quickly.
However, as the name implies, this phase is temporary.
After that it is guaranteed to worsen the situation.
As with type 2 diabetes, treatment is essential.
Failure to treat can lead to the following diseases in type 1 and type 2 patients.
What can diabetes lead to if it is not treated properly?
This is how diabetic ketoacidosis can develop.
This occurs when diabetes is not detected early and effectively treated.
In diabetic ketoacidosis, the body can not use insulin as energy.
Instead, he begins to turn fat and muscle mass into energy.
This is manifested by an extreme thirst and by the excessive need to visit the toilet frequently and by a prolonged tiredness.
Due to the elevated ketone body in the blood, the breath has a sweetish smell.
This condition immediately causes the high blood sugar levels and excess ketones to accumulate in the patient’s own urine.
Failure to treat this condition can lead to unconsciousness and even death.
Diabetic hypersomal hyperglycemia
The high blood sugar levels can cause the body to dehydrate. This, in turn, can lead to the loss of consciousness.
This disease most commonly occurs in people whose diabetes has not been diagnosed and where no treatment takes place.
Furthermore, the diabetic hypersomal hyperglycaemia syndrome can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke and infection.
In gastroparesis, the stomach can empty poorly due to the high blood sugar level.
This leads to a further increase in blood sugar levels.
As a result, you may experience nausea, vomiting, bloating and heartburn.
Diabetes can cause kidney damage.
This damage now minimizes the ability to filter out waste products from the blood.
However, diabetic nephropathy usually develops at a later stage of diabetes.
We now know that the increased blood pressure combined with high blood sugar levels leads to numerous problems.
That’s why it also comes to circulatory problems.
The increased blood pressure causes the heart to be stressed over the long term.
In addition, the high blood sugar level ensures that fat deposits form in the walls of the blood vessels.
Over time, this leads to poorer blood circulation in the body and an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis.
Diabetes also increases the risk of heart disease and strokes.
Due to the fact that the insulin is not broken down so fast, it comes to a poor circulation of the body.
This poor circulation affects the hands and feet and causes pain.
The pain occurring here is also referred to as intermittent claudication.
Often it is now also the case that those affected no longer perceive pain.
This results in diabetic neuropathy.
Because of this, there are also more and more injuries to the feet.
The bad part is that the person concerned often does not notice this.
Failure to regularly take care of your feet can easily result in injuries and infections that can develop into ulcers.
Important! It can lead to the formation of the diabetic foot.
In diabetes, it is easy for the skin to dry out.
This is due to the lack of moisture and the high blood sugar of your own body.
This lack of moisture now causes the skin on the feet to dry out very easily and cause cracks to develop.
The skin folds are often particularly affected. So it can easily come to mushroom as well as to bacterial and yeast infections.
Fingers, toes and the armpits and corners of the mouth are particularly susceptible.
Often, this is in the form of the following symptoms: redness, blistering and itching.
The problem with pressure points is that it can lead to the formation of calluses.
These in turn can become infected to develop ulcers.
If there is no treatment here, in the worst case this can lead to amputation.
Therefore, it is important to see a doctor early or, if it concerns the foot for foot care.
As far as the skin problems are concerned, it can be said that these usually go away fairly quickly if the blood sugar is kept under control.
Women may develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Here it comes to an increased blood pressure.
Failure to do so may result in the mother developing type 2 diabetes within 10 years.
The child then often suffers from an increased risk of being overweight and developing a diminished glucose tolerance.
Importantly, on average, 50% of mothers with gestational diabetes during pregnancy developed type 2 diabetes over the next 10 years.
Because of this, treatment is very important.
Under these conditions, you probably got diabetes.
By now you should be aware of how diabetes type 1 and type 2 comes about.
What is still unclear, however, is the question of what exactly triggers diabetes.
To answer this question we have to differentiate between type 1 and type 2.
In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system is known to attack and destroy the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Currently, researchers working on this topic assume that type 1 diabetes is triggered mainly by their own genes and certain environmental factors, such as viruses.
Now comes a bad news.
Currently, type 1 diabetes can not be prevented.
For this reason, the essay on type 1 ends here.
In contrast to type 1, however, we know very well in type 2 diabetes which factors lead to the development of diabetes.
In short, the factors include obesity, obesity, physical inactivity, insulin resistance, and family-related diabetes.
Obesity, obesity and lack of exercise ensure that insulin resistance develops.
This in turn can be seen as a precursor of type 2 diabetes in addition to prediabetes.
At this point it is very important where your own fat is.
Above all, belly fat in combination with insulin resistance increases the risk of contracting heart and vascular diseases.
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the muscle, liver and fat cells can no longer make good use of insulin.
As a result, the body needs more and more insulin to get enough sugar into its own cells.
This then causes the pancreas to produce more insulin.
As time passes, however, it can no longer produce as much insulin and there is an increase in blood sugar levels.
Insulin resistance is the basis for type 2 diabetes.
The problem with insulin resistance, however, is that you often do not notice these symptoms or only when they have already developed into type 2 diabetes.
This often leads to the fact that you go unnoticed in a diabetes type 2 disease and missed the chances for a still functioning prevention of type 2.
If diabetes already exists in the family this is also a non-negligible cause.
So if it is clear that, for example, the parents or grandparents or other close relatives have also suffered or suffered from diabetes, it is important to prick up your ears.
In this case, it is advisable to have a check-up every few years.
Differences in Diabetes Disease – In Men and Women
Most symptoms that have been triggered by diabetes are quite identical in men and women.
These are general symptoms such as persistent thirst, constant urination, and dizziness and weight loss.
In addition to these problems, however, there are also diseases in which typically more men or women also get sick.
Muscular atrophy, genital fungus, and erectile dysfunction erectile dysfunction are more common in men.
For women, this list is much longer.
This often leads to genital infections, urinary tract infections and the syndrome of polycystic ovaries.
When the menopause occurs, there may be another problem.
This is the combination of diabetes with the changing hormones.
This combination is often associated with an increase in blood sugar levels and, consequently, weight gain and sleep disturbances.
This problem increases the risk of further complications.
As a result, women are at a higher risk of heart disease, kidney disease and depression than men.
So you can test if you suffer from diabetes
Most problems that occur early in diabetes are due to increased blood sugar levels.
For this reason, the associated warning signs are often not noticed directly or only too late.
For some, this may even lead to your not being aware of your diabetes until you have problems with long-term damage to your diabetes.
Info! The information applies to type 2 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms are often noticed after just a few days or weeks.
At the top of this post, I have already explained which symptoms occur with diabetes.
Now, the question remains as to what to do when one realizes that one suffers from these symptoms.
There are basically four ways in which diabetes can be detected.
This is how to measure fasting blood sugar, the oral glucose tolerance test as well as the diabetes urine test and the HbA1c value.
At this point, I will describe the four test methods only very fundamentally.
More about this can be found in my article about diabetes.
Measuring fasting blood sugar
When measuring fasting blood glucose, the doctor will take blood and check the glucose levels and fats.
The patient must appear sober here and must have eaten at least 4, better even 8 hours before, nothing.
The test can now produce different results.
- Blood sugar value less than 110 mg / dl
- There is no diabetes here.
- Blood sugar level at least 126 mg / dl or more
- There is probably diabetes. To verify this, the oral glucose tolerance test is performed.
- Blood sugar value between 110 and 125 mg / dl
- Blood glucose levels are considered limit values. Here, a pre-stage of diabetes or insulin resistance may be present. Here it comes also to the application of the oral glucose tolerance test.
Oral glucose tolerance test
The oral glucose tolerance test is used to check whether a) diabetes is really present or b) the patient is at risk of developing diabetes.
Now, if you participate in the test, it is important that you eat normally and with sufficient carbohydrates in the three days before the examination.
Smoking is not allowed during this time.
Here’s more on the oral glucose tolerance test.
Diabetes urine test
Basically there is no or only little sugar in the urine.
Insofar as the kidney can no longer hold back the sugar, it can happen that sugar accumulates in the urine.
Through a test strip you can now test whether there is a likelihood of suffering from diabetes.
It should be noted, however, that this test is only for self-confirmation.
To determine if diabetes is really present, a test done by the doctor is still essential.
The HbA1c value can also be used to determine diabetes.
This is a laboratory test and allows a look at the blood glucose control of the last two to three months.
Here are the following three values interesting:
- In healthy people, the value is about 30 mmol / mol
- For diabetes type 1 patients, the value is usually below 58 mmol / mol
- People with type 2 diabetes usually have a value between 48 and 58 mmol / mol.
11 methods that you can use to do something about your high blood sugar levels
First of all, it is important that you get a diagnosis from the doctor.
He can tell you if you already have diabetes mellitus or if you are still in an early stage.
As we know, this precursor is termed prediabetes.
It occurs with an increased fasting blood sugar or / and with a disturbed glucose tolerance.
In addition to this basic information, you can also take very specific steps to help you reduce your blood sugar.
Therefore, I have now set up an 11-step list that shows you what you need to do to reduce your blood sugar.
- Forgo sugar and refined carbohydrates
- Exercise regularly
- Drink water and avoid sugary drinks
- losing weight (if you are overweight)
- Stop smoking
- Feeding on low carbohydrate
- Pay attention to the size of the portions
- Avoid permanent sitting
- Eat high-fiber foods
- Optimize vitamin D levels
- Drink water and tea and coffee
However, I have only roughly defined these steps at this point, since this article already contains more than 3000 words at this point.
If you want to know more about how you can lower your blood sugar in record time, I recommend my free checklist.
In this I show you with 12 tricks how you can lower your blood sugar mostly with the help of a lifestyle and diet change.
The checklist can be found under this post.
To get it, just sign in the email field and click on “GET IT NOW”.
Then you will receive a confirmation email from me.
Once you have confirmed them, you will receive your free checklist, showing you how to lower your blood sugar in record time.